Mandates the inclusion of the word or phrases somewhere in the record.
Example: unemployment and inflation
Used to account for variety in expressing an idea. Records will contain any one of the words or phrases in the set, not necessarily all.
Example: GDP or gross domestic product
Excludes records containing a specified word or phrase. When using “not,” one must put “not” at the end of one’s search statement.
Example: credit cards not debit cards
Utilized to account for varieties of a word. The database will find records containing words beginning with the word chunk you provide.
For example, a search for manag* would retrieve records containing any of the following:
Management, managing, managers, etc.
Keep in mind that the truncation symbol differs from database to database. For example, while EBSCO databases use the asterisk (*), LexisNexis uses the exclamation point (!). Consult the respective databases' HELP screens to learn the truncation symbol for the given database.