Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

NURSING 412: Adult Health II

Ask the question

Take the time to carefully develop your question at the beginning. To construct a well-built clinical question, consider the four parts of a good 'PICO' question:

P= Patient / Population
How would you describe your group of patients or population? What are the most important characteristics of the patient/population? This may include a disease, a condition, or a problem. Sometimes the gender, age or race of a patient may be relevant to the diagnosis or treatment of a disease.
I= Intervention, prognostic factor or exposure
What main intervention, prognostic factor, or exposure are you considering? What do you want to do for or with the patient/population? For example, will you try a different treatment/intervention or use a different diagnostic test?
C= Comparison
What is the main alternative to compare with the intervention? For example, are you trying to decide between two drugs or between a a drug and no medication or a placebo? Your clinical question may not always have a specific comparison.
O= Outcome
What can you hope to accomplish, measure, improve or affect? What are you trying to do for the patient/population? Relieve or eliminate the symptoms? Reduce the number of adverse events? Improve function or test scores?

Practice questions

Test your ability to develop a PICO question using some of the scenarios posed on this web page developed by librarians at the UNC Health Sciences Library.

About Us 

Chronicle of Higher Education

Renew Books Online

Suggestion Box

Library Fines

Giving to the Library

Request a Purchase

Open Computers

Student Employment

Andruss Library | 570-389-4205 | reference@bloomu.edu
©Copyright Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania • 400 East Second Street, Bloomsburg PA 17815-1301 • 570.389.4000