Mandates the inclusion of the words or phrases somewhere in the record.
Example: something and nothing
Records will contain any one or more of the words or phrases in the set, not necessarily all.
Example: pragmatism or neopragmaticism
Excludes records containing a specified word or phrase. When using “not,” one must put “not” at the end of one’s search statement.
Example: rational not irrational
Utilized to account for varieties of a word. The database will find records containing words beginning with the word chunk you provide.
For example, a search for epistem* would retrieve records containing any of the following:
epistemiology, epistemiological, etc.
Keep in mind that the truncation symbol changes from database to database. For example, while EBSCO databases use the asterisk (*), LexisNexis uses the exclamation point (!). Consult the respective databases' HELP screens to learn the truncation symbol for the given database.
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