The purpose of this guide is to familiarize health science students with concepts and strategies used in evidence-based practice. The guide is written primarily for undergraduate students in the health professional programs at Bloomsburg University.
As always, if you have any questions about this tutorial or library and information research, ask a librarian for assistance.
What is Evidence Based Practice?
Evidence Based Practice (EBP) integrates the following 3 factors into the decision-making process for patient care:
Clinical Expertise (the clinician’s cumulated experience, education and clinical skills)
Patient Values (the patient's own personal preferences and unique concerns, expectations, and values)
Best Research Evidence (usually found in clinically relevant research that has been conducted using sound methodology)
Steps in the EBP Process
Evidence-Based Practice requires new skills of the clinician, including efficient literature searching, and the application of formal rules of evidence in evaluating the clinical literature.
1. ASK the question Construct a well built clinical question derived from a clinical problem or question that arises from the care of a patient
2. ACQUIRE the evidence Select the appropriate resource(s) and conduct a search
3. APPRAISE the evidence Appraise that evidence for its validity (closeness to the truth) and applicability (usefulness in clinical practice)
4. APPLY: talk with the patient Return to the patient -- integrate that evidence with clinical expertise, patient preferences and apply it to practice
5. ASSESS the process Evaluate your performance with this patient
This guide was based in part on the Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice Tutorial developed by librarians and staff at Duke University Medical Center Library and at the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.
The guide was also based in part on the Evidence-based Practice Tutorial developed by librarians at Penn State Libraries, Library Learning Services, and used with their permission.