Citation and writing styles
Reference Management Systems
Supported by Bloomsburg University
Writing and Citing Help
Print Style Guides
The following print style manuals are all available in the Andruss Library Reference collection:
APA Style - Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
Used in the social sciences (education, health sciences, psychology, business, etc.). APA style requirements and examples for all types of information sources are listed.
CSE Style - Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers."This manual is the seventh edition of the style manual that was first issued by the Council of Biology Editors (now the Council of Science Editors)..."
MLA Style - MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Used in the artis This book presents Modern Language Association's style requirements and provides examples for all types of information sources.
- Turabian/Chicago - A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.
This book presents Turabian/Chicago style requirements and provides examples for all types of information sources.
When to Cite Sources
For Research Papers and Other Writing Projects
When citing sources in research papers, use a conventional style, such as APA, MLA, Chicago, or Turabian. Check with your instructor as to what style to use. Each style specifies a uniform way of citing sources that will:
- Give an orderly appearance to your bibliography or reference list
- Provide all the essential elements of information that a reader will need to locate the source.
When giving a speech, cite your sources orally. Provide enough information to allow an audience member to locate the source. Typically, you should include:
- author or creator
- title of the work
Additionally, consider offering a brief statement about your source’s credibility by stating the source’s connection to the topic.
For PowerPoint Presentations
When you use PowerPoint, be sure to cite sources for any direct quotations or images appearing on a slide. Write the information in a small font in a textbox at the bottom of the slide or under the image.
If you use a graphic from the Internet, you should cite it, too, unless it is in the public domain (freeware).
Your instructor may also expect you to include a bibliography slide at the end of your slideshow. Your bibliography should not take the place of appropriate oral citations offered during your presentation.
Comparing Reference Management Software
Use any of the programs below to help you with your citing and managing your research.
|Software||Developer||Open source||EXPORT FORMATS||
|EndNote Web||Thomson Reuters||No||PubMed, RIS, SciFinder||Available to current BU students through Library’s Web of Science subscription. More information here.|
|Mendeley||Mendeley||No||BibTeX, PubMed, RIS||Free. Desktop & Web components, iPhone and iPad|
|RefWorks||RefWorks||No||BibTeX, PubMed, RIS, SciFinder||Available to BU (both current and alumni) students through Library subscription. More information here.
|Zotero||Center for History and New Media at GMU||Yes||BibTeX, PubMed, RIS||Free. Firefox extension or standalone connectors for Chrome and Safari.|