Supported by Bloomsburg University
For Research Papers and Other Writing Projects
When citing sources in research papers, use a conventional style, such as APA, MLA, Chicago, or Turabian. Check with your instructor as to what style to use. Each style specifies a uniform way of citing sources that will:
When giving a speech, cite your sources orally. Provide enough information to allow an audience member to locate the source. Typically, you should include:
Additionally, consider offering a brief statement about your source’s credibility by stating the source’s connection to the topic.
For PowerPoint Presentations
When you use PowerPoint, be sure to cite sources for any direct quotations or images appearing on a slide. Write the information in a small font in a textbox at the bottom of the slide or under the image.
If you use a graphic from the Internet, you should cite it, too, unless it is in the public domain (freeware).
Your instructor may also expect you to include a bibliography slide at the end of your slideshow. Your bibliography should not take the place of appropriate oral citations offered during your presentation.
Use any of the programs below to help you with your citing and managing your research.
|Software||Developer||Open source||EXPORT FORMATS||
|EndNote Web||Thomson Reuters||No||PubMed, RIS, SciFinder||Available to current BU students through Library’s Web of Science subscription. More information here.|
|Mendeley||Mendeley||No||BibTeX, PubMed, RIS||Free. Desktop & Web components, iPhone and iPad|
|RefWorks||RefWorks||No||BibTeX, PubMed, RIS, SciFinder||Available to BU (both current and alumni) students through Library subscription. More information here.|
|Zotero||Center for History and New Media at GMU||Yes||BibTeX, PubMed, RIS||Free. Firefox extension or standalone connectors for Chrome and Safari.|