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General Library Research Tutorial

Fundamental concepts and vocabulary used in library and information research.

B. Types of Citations

Types of Citations

 Following are examples of the most common types of sources students find in bibliographies and in databases:

 Book Citation



Check Primo by author or title to determine whether Andruss Library owns this book.

Popular Magazine Article Citation



To determine whether Andruss Library owns a popular magazine, go to BU Journal List (also known as SerialsSolutions) and type in the title of the magazine, not the title of the article.

Scholarly Journal Article Citation




To determine whether Andruss Library owns a scholarly journal, go to BU Journal List (also known as SerialsSolutions) and search for the journal title, not the title of the article.

Government Publication Citation

government pub


To find out whether Andruss Library owns a government publication, search Primo.  Try Google, too, because many are online

Article or Chapter in a Book




To find out whether Andruss Library owns this item, look for the title of the book in Primo, not the title of the article or chapter.

Internet Source Citation



Internet sources vary widely in quality and reliability.  Always look at the domain of a web site. Generally speaking, you can find reliable information published by:

  • federal government agencies (.gov)
  • colleges and universities (.edu)
  • professional societies and organizations (.org).

[Please note: MLA style is used for the above examples.]

End of Module 4. Check your knowledge with a Self-Check Quiz before going to Module 5.  

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